garden ridge  texas

 

 

The Garden Ridge area is rich in history and has been home to many residents including Native American Indians, Spanish and German settlers, and more.  Our own "Nacogdoches Road", known as the King's Highway served as a main route between San Antonio and Nacogdoches during the Spanish occupation of the area.  The road was built to transport the King of Spain between the two cities.

click to view map

Historical Background 

El Camino Real para los Texas is one of several roads that has played a significant role in the political, economic, and cultural development of the southwestern United States. Originally the road linked Coahuila, Mexico, with Los Adaes (near present-day Robelene, Louisiana), the first Spanish capital of the province of Texas; later, the road connected the vast Texas frontier to Saltillo and Mexico City. 

El Camino Real para los Texas was the principal road across what would become present-day Texas throughout the Spanish period (1690-1821). The route continued in use throughout the Mexican period (1821-1836), facilitating the Anglo-American settlement of a vast territory. 

From the 1820s through the 1840s, a new road corridor became a major westward route for Anglo-American immigrants traveling to Texas, many of whom used the Natchez Trace. This corridor became known as the Old San Antonio Road. Some of the Old San Antonio Road segments are the same as the El Camino Real para los Texas segments, and in other places the routes parallel each other. The Old San Antonio Road was also a vital military highway, both for the Texans and the Mexicans. However, following the war with Mexico, the Old San Antonio Road declined in importance as trade routes changed and American port cities, such as New Orleans, increased in use and importance. 

El Camino Real was first used by Spanish military expeditions in the middle 1680s to counter French forces who were intruding into what is now Texas. Spanish exploration of east Texas resulted in the establishment of missions and presidios in strategic areas to counter the French threat. 

The early decades of the 19th century brought changes for Texas and the northern Mexican states. Anglo-American immigration along portions of El Camino Real was followed by independence, first for Mexico and then for Texas. In 1845 the annexation of Texas by the United States led to war between the United States and Mexico. Through war and peace, El Camino Real was used by soldiers, settlers, and traders as modern Texas emerged. 

As a conduit for continuity and change, El Camino Real para los Texas brought cultural innovations from Spanish-Mexican institutions from the south and, during the route's later use, from the east. Many institutions and industries, such as cattle ranching, missions, and irrigation systems, endured the passage of time to become integral parts of the cultural blend of modern Texas. 

Related Efforts 

The Texas State Department of Highways and Public Transportation researched historic routes associated with the Old San Antonio Road and the Camino Real to commemorate the significance of the corridor. The resulting study, A Texas Legacy: The Old San Antonio Road & the Caminos Reales, A Tricentennial History, 1691-1991, includes extensive archival research and on-the-ground verification of remnant archeological and historical sites associated with the road corridor.

Home

(Artwork and text are a partial reprint from National Park Service Website- Public Domain)

More Information?  Order:  San Juan Bautista : Gateway to Spanish Texas by Robert S. Weddle from Amazon

Garden Ridge.net - your privately operated, online community information resource for residents of Garden Ridge, Texas.

Garden Ridge, Texas

 

 

Suggestions for this site?  Please email us with your comments!

Links of Interest:

Bracken Cave
Bracken Methodist Church

Boy Scouts
City of Garden Ridge
Covenant Baptist Church 

CYO Youth Sports

Garden Ridge
Bracken Lions Club

Natural Bridge Caverns

Natural Bridge Wildlife Ranch

Northeast Bible Church

OLPH Catholic Church

Triumphant Lutheran Church

More History of the
Garden Ridge Area:

History of Bracken Texas

Garden Ridge:
Texas Handbook Online

Garden RidgeTexas

(c) 2002 Caton Family

garden ridge texas city information